Indian independence movement 1857 to 1947 | Facts You Should Know

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To liberate from the rule of British the Indian Independence Movement incorporated many movements with led to the End of British Rule in India. The British had come to India in the seventeenth-century for trading purposes but gradually starting to interfering in the internal affairs of the country. It started with the establishment of East India Company in Kolkatta. But after the battle of Plassey, it spread its wing all over the country. there are also available messages and quotes in Hindi font on independence which u can share also.

British rule had a very perishing effect on Indian Social, Cultural, Social and Political scenarios. This is gradually forced into a common revolt of masses. Several revolts broke out against English Rule but the revolt of 1857 marked as the rebellions which provided the further path of Indian independence. Let see the full journey of Indian Independence of 90 nineteen year form 1857 to 1947 and also read some Best Republic Day Slogans In Hindi.

The journey of Independence in India

The revolt of 1857

It is also known as India’s first Independence War. The issue of greased cartridges is the main reason for this rebellion. In Indian history, it is considered a major revolt but it failed. The introduction of new Enfield P 53 rifles which were made out of using the extract of beef and pork spread the rebellion more vigorously. Indian soldiers started to believe that this is against their religious beliefs.  As a result of this movement, the British Government took charge of the company from India.

Facts   The Revolt of 1857 is also known as the Indian Mutiny and the Sepoy Mutiny.

The Partition of Bengal (1905)

Before independence, Bengal is bigger in its geographical state. But in 1905 the partition of Bengal is ordered by Governor-General Lord Curzon. It was believed that this step was taken to slow down the nationalist movement of that time. Because the divide and rule policy were used by the British Government. So the protest on larger scales had started. At last, The government agreed to join the Bengal in 1911.

Facts At that time, the Bengal state had nearly 80 million population. Which consisted of the people, who lived in Bihar, spoke Hindi; people, who lived in Odisha, spoke Odia; people, who lived in Assam, spoke Assamese. After the independence of India, Bengal was partitioned from India’s second time on the religious reasons for the formation of Pakistan.  

Champaran Satyagraha (1917)

In the Champaran district of Bihar, the farmers were forced to produce Indigo without their will.  As well as they were not paid for their produce. So the Champaran Satyagraha was introduced by Mahatma Gandhi to fight for the rights of farmers and other peasants.

Facts The Champaran Satyagraha is Known as the essential event in India’s freedom history. This movement is the First movement launched by Gandhi Ji under India’s Civil Disobedience movement.

The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (1919)

In 1919, on the occasion of Baisakhi many men, women, and children were gathered to celebrate the festival. But the order was released by Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer to shoot all the gathering presented in the Jallianwala Bagh.

Facts This Massacre has occurred in Amritsar a city of the Northern part of India. That is why The Jallianwala Bagh massacre was also considered the Amritsar massacre. This misfortunate incident happened on the Day of the festival of Baisakhi which is one of the biggest festivals of Punjab.

The Non-Cooperation Movement (1920)

After the massive Massacre of Jallianwala bagh, this movement had started by Mahatma Gandhi.

Facts  It was one of the bigger scale civil disobedience movements of Gandhiji which was properly organized. It also gave the new lights and hopes with the political training to later movements.

Civil Disobedience Movement (1930)

To protest against the salt tax imposed by British rule with the group of 80 Satyagrahis Gandhi ji started Dandi March which took 24 days to reach Dandi.

Facts  16 year old Vittal Liladhar Thakkar a student from Gujarat was The youngest Satyagrahi in this movement.

Quit India Movement (1942)

Mahatma Gandhi gave his speech for the beginning of the Quit India Movement which was delivered in August Kranti Maidan. This maidan is also known as Mumbai’s Gowalia Tank Maidan

Facts  In this Speech, Gandhiji gave the slogan ‘Do or Die’  to the nation. Many leaders were arrested due to participation in this movement Abdul Kalam Azad, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

 

Indian Independence League (1947)

Facts the League was established to foster Nationalism in India and command the first Indian National Army under Mohan Singh before it was dissolved.

Indian Independence Act (1947)

It was ordered that the dominions of India and Pakistan be declared independent by the midnight of August 14 15.

Facts  With this Act on 14th August 1947 Pakistan Came into existence as a new country. And on 15th August 1947, India Came into existence as a new country.

Venessa Miller
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